THE TERRIBLE CRIMES OF STALIN AND THE CHEKISTS
“I crossed the threshold – children. Huge number of children under 6 years. In small leather jackets, in small cotton trousers. And the numbers are on the back and on the chest. Like prisoners. These are the numbers of their mothers. They are used to seeing only women around them, but they heard that there are dads, men. And then ran up to me, they say: “Daddy, Daddy.” This is the worst – when children with numbers. And on the barracks: “Thanks to Comrade Stalin for our happy childhood” …
From the memoirs of the Kalmyk poet David Kugultinov.
If you look at the very first names and surnames in the children’s registry, then you need to start with the royal family, with the shooting of Tsar Nicholas II and his family in Ipatievsky house in Yekaterinburg. This execution was organized by the Lenin government. Then it organizes millions more executions.
In 1919, relatives of officers of the 86th Infantry Regiment were shot dead in Petrograd and transferred to the Whites, including children. In May 1920, the newspapers reported the shooting in Elisavetgrad of four girls aged 3-7 years and an old mother of one of the officers.
“The city of the dead” was called in 1920 Arkhangelsk, where the Chekists shot children 12-16 years old.
Pictures of little slaves or who were not needed. It was only by chance that a person with a camera (even in the form of the NKVD) could get to where the Soviet government chanted tens of thousands of children of his own people. But still, a few such pictures remained in the archives.
There is no forgiveness for what is embodied in the operative order Yezhov No. 00486 of August 15, 1937 “On the operation to repress the wives and children of traitors to the Motherland.” I will give some provisions of this monstrous document (with observance of its stylistics):
Preparing the operation.
It begins with a thorough check of each family, scheduled for repression. Additional compromising materials are being collected. Then they are based on:
a) a general certificate for the family …;
b) a separate brief reference on socially dangerous and capable of anti-Soviet actions of children over 15 years of age;
c) personalized lists of children under 15 years of age separately from preschool and school age.
References are considered by the People’s Commissars of the Interior of the Republics and the heads of the NKVD departments of the regions and regions. The latter:
a) give sanctions for the arrest and search of the wives of traitors to the homeland;
b) determine the measures for the children of the arrested person.
Production of arrests and searches.
Wives who are legally or effectively married to the convicted person at the time of his arrest are subject to arrest. Wives are also subject to arrest, although they were those who were convicted at the time of his arrest in divorce, but were involved in the counter-revolutionary activities of the convict, who hid him, who knew about counter-revolutionary activities, but did not inform the authorities about this. After the arrest and the search, the arrested wives of convicts are escorted to prison. At the same time, children are exported in the order indicated below.
The order of registration of cases.
For each arrested and for every socially dangerous child over the age of 15, an investigation is instituted. They are sent to the Special Meeting of the NKVD USSR.
Consideration of cases and penalties.
A special meeting examines cases against the wives of traitors to the motherland and those of their children over the age of 15 who are socially dangerous and capable of committing anti-Soviet activities. Socially dangerous children of convicts, depending on their age, the degree of danger and the possibility of correction, are subject to imprisonment in camps or correctional labor colony of the NKVD, or expulsion to special purpose children’s homes of the People’s Commissariat of Education of the republics.
The order of enforcement of sentences.
Convicted socially dangerous children are sent to camps, correctional labor colony of the NKVD or to the houses of the special regime of People’s Commissariats of the republics for personal detachments of the GULAG of the NKVD for the first and second groups and the NKVD of the USSR for the third group.
Accommodation of children of convicts.
All remaining after the conviction of orphans to place:
a) children aged 1-1.5 years to 3 full years in orphanages and day nurseries of the People’s Commissar for the Republics in the places of residence of convicts;
b) children from the age of 3 full years and up to 15 years – in orphanages of People’s Commissariats of other republics, territories and regions (according to the established location) and outside Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Tbilisi, Minsk, coastal and border towns.
With regard to children older than 15 years, the issue is decided individually.
Nursing children are sent along with their convicted mothers to the camps, from where they reach the children’s homes and nurseries of the People’s Commissar for the Health of the Republics when they reach the age of 1-1.5 years. In the event that relatives (not repressed) wish to take care of their orphans, this should not be impeded.
Preparation for the reception and distribution of children.
In each city in which the operation is carried out, the reception and distribution points are specially equipped, in which children will be delivered immediately after the arrest of their mothers and from where the children will then be directed to orphanages.